Article: What is open source?

Open Source

What is open source?

It’s difficult to overstate the role that open source plays in today’s technology-centric world, given that it intersects with just about every piece of software. Data from Synopsys, the company behind open source security management platform Black Duck, indicates that 98% of codebases contain at least some open source code.

But open source software is not only eating the world, as the popular expression goes, it’s also devouring the solar system — recent GitHub data showed that almost 12,000 GitHub developers contributed to the code that made the very first Martian helicopter flight possible on April 19, 2021. Chances are, though, most weren’t even aware that their contributions were used in the historic NASA mission.

Read Full Article

Article: Digital is driving open concepts in several industries

Money, Open Governance, Open Health, Procedures (Medical)

Digital is driving open concepts in several industries

The concept of open office has transformed much of the work life. This was driven primarily by the desire to improve collaboration, efficiency and effectiveness. In the context of a rapidly evolving digital platform, similar impetus for collaboration is shaping some of the underlying industries of the US economy.

Different industry sectors deal with the concept of openness in different ways, and the factors that drive the concept of “open industry” are different. However, there are clear similarities. Increased openness is seen as the key to digital success and customer satisfaction, and with the rapid acceleration of digital platforms, it is needed as well as smart.

Read Full Article

Article: The Future of Business Is Open: How Open Data Is Changing Established Industries

Access, Money, Open Decision-Support, Open Governance, Open Health, Procedures (Medical)

The Future of Business Is Open: How Open Data Is Changing Established Industries

The open office concept reshaped much of working life — and was largely driven by a desire to improve collaboration, efficiency and effectiveness. A similar drive for collaboration is reshaping some bedrock industries of the American economy, albeit in the context of quickly evolving digital platforms.

Different industry sectors have treated concepts of openness with a range of responses, and the factors pushing them toward the “open industry” concept also differ. But there are definite similarities, as increased openness is seen as a key to digital success and customer satisfaction, one that quickly accelerating digital platforms make not only smart but necessary.

Read Full Article

Article: The Five Ways To Build Machine Learning Models

Free, Language, Libre, Open Data, Open Software

The Five Ways To Build Machine Learning Models

Machine learning is powering most of the recent advancements in AI, including computer vision, natural language processing, predictive analytics, autonomous systems, and a wide range of applications. Machine learning systems are core to enabling each of these seven patterns of AI.

In order to move up the data value chain from the information level  to the knowledge level, we need to apply machine learning that will enable systems to identify patterns in data and learn from those patterns to apply to new, never before seen data. Machine learning is not all of AI, but it is a big part of it.

Read Full Article

Article: Facebook Launches AI That Understands Language Without Labels

Language, Open Data

Facebook Launches AI That Understands Language Without Labels

Decades ago, asking for basic directions or information would have been an arduous task. The advent of solutions such as Google Translate alleviated that problem to an extent. But, is this enough? For example, India alone is home to 23 official languages and thousands of unofficial ones and Google Translate supports just 11 of India’s languages.

Other speech recognition technologies might allow even fewer languages. Also, languages such as Basque and Swahili are far likelier to have more limited AI speech recognition capabilities than Hindi, English and Mandarin. Hence, the paths opened up by speech recognition technology are only available to a small fraction of the countless languages spoken all over the world. This is because most AI for speech recognition belongs to a category called supervised learning.

Read Full Article

Article: Virtual Panel: How Open-Source is Helping to Change the World

Innovation, Open Space

Virtual Panel: How Open-Source is Helping to Change the World

Open-source is not only at the heart of the Cloud and the enterprise as we know them today, it also powers many initiatives around the globe that aim to change how technology is leveraged to solve real-world issues and strive to make it accessible in a more equitable way. InfoQ has taken the chance to speak with several companies that are helping make it happen.

There are many initiatives and projects for social good that include open-source software among their tools. Their goals are diverse and span from reducing domestic and gender-based violence to empowering the LGBT+ community through the tech sector, from helping other nonprofit organizations to fight racial discrimination in technology.

Read Full Article

Article: The race to understand the exhilarating, dangerous world of language AI

Innovation, Language, Open Data, Open Space

The race to understand the exhilarating, dangerous world of language AI

To start, Google plans to integrate LaMDA into its main search portal, its voice assistant, and Workplace, its collection of cloud-based work software that includes Gmail, Docs, and Drive. But the eventual goal, said Pichai, is to create a conversational interface that allows people to retrieve any kind of information—text, visual, audio—across all Google’s products just by asking.

LaMDA’s rollout signals yet another way in which language technologies are becoming enmeshed in our day-to-day lives. But Google’s flashy presentation belied the ethical debate that now surrounds such cutting-edge systems. LaMDA is what’s known as a large language model (LLM)—a deep-learning algorithm trained on enormous amounts of text data.

Read Full Article

Article: Testing the waters: Hyderabad lab pushes for smart solutions to curb water wastage

Cities, Innovation, Open Provisioning, Open Space, Water

Testing the waters: Hyderabad lab pushes for smart solutions to curb water wastage

Vikram Gulecha, Karan Behar and Riddhish Soni of Oceo, aka, Project Jalashaya, come from diverse backgrounds. Count Google and ISRO among them. This talented group has created a technology to benefit water utilities, irrigation departments and hydropower corporations.

International Institute of Information Technology Hyderabad (IIITH) students Rishikesh Bose, Nilesh Bawankar, Ayush Kumar Lall and Ansh Khandelwal put their heads together to come up with a ‘Smart Water Meter’ idea. The concept would benefit the government, municipal corporation and large communities.

Read Full Article

Article: How Banks Need To Be Using Fintech Post-Pandemic

Money, Open Governance

How Banks Need To Be Using Fintech Post-Pandemic

Thanks to COVID-19, companies are facing tough decisions about how to operate and what they want to become. For banks, this means looking closely at the relationship they have with fintech and considering what kinds of integrations or partnerships make sense. To continue offering the most value to both investors and customers, banks will likely need to embrace open banking and marketplace operations far more than they currently have.

Over the past 10 years, the bank-fintech relationship has been based on fear, curiosity, or pragmatism, at various points in time. The main concern banks had at first was that fintech would offer the same services banks do, which would lead customers to turn to fintech businesses instead of banks.

Read Full Article

Article: Google Woolaroo: How to use the indigenous language tool

Language, Open Data

Google Woolaroo: How to use the indigenous language tool

Google has launched a new tool called Woolaroo to compile and preserve indigenous languages.The company announced the tool on 5 May. It features indigenous languages from all over the world, including Yugambeh — the first Australian Aboriginal language to be featured on the app.

“Crucial to Indigenous communities is that Woolaroo puts the power to add, edit and delete entries completely in their hands,” Yugambeh Museum CEO, Rory O’Connor, said in a statement.

Read Full Article