Article: AI Predicts Effective Drug Combinations to Fight Complex Diseases Faster

Cures, Drugs, Open Health, Procedures (Medical)

AI Predicts Effective Drug Combinations to Fight Complex Diseases Faster

Finding new ways to repurpose or combine existing drugs has proved to be a powerful tool to treat complex diseases. Drugs used to treat one type of cancer, for instance, have effectively strengthened treatments for other cancer cells. Complex malignant tumors often require a combination of drugs or “drug cocktails,” to formulate a concerted attack on multiple cell types. Drug cocktails can not only help stave off drug resistance but also minimize harmful side effects.

But finding an effective combination of existing drugs at the right dose is extremely challenging, partly because there are near-infinite possibilities.

Read Full Article

Article: Facebook is trying to make AI fairer by paying people to give it data

Access, Open Data, Open Decision-Support, Open Source

Facebook is trying to make AI fairer by paying people to give it data

Artificial intelligence systems are often criticized for built-in biases. Commercial facial-recognition software, for instance, may fail when attempting to classify women and people of color. In an effort to help make AI fairer in a variety of ways, Facebook (FB) is rolling out a new data set for AI researchers that includes a diverse group of paid actors who were explicitly asked to provide their own ages and genders.

Facebook hopes researchers will use the open-source data set, which it announced Thursday, to help judge whether AI systems work well for people of different ages, genders, skin tones, and in different types of lighting.

Read Full Article

Article: How Open Source is Driving the Future of Data Science

Free, Open Data, Open Software, Open Source

How Open Source is Driving the Future of Data Science

With its reliance on a community of physically dispersed individuals and flexibility of adoption, open-source data science is becoming an even more attractive choice among cash-strapped governments, non-profits, and businesses.

Over the past decade, data science and machine learning have made their way from an obscure academic discipline to widespread corporate adoption. The academic community has a natural preference towards open source. Science is a collaborative effort, and its advancement is best served by enabling as large a community as possible to build upon existing research.

Read Full Article

Article: The tale of the Chinese citizen who makes pro-China edits to open-source maps of the Line of Actual Control

Geospatial, Open Data

The tale of the Chinese citizen who makes pro-China edits to open-source maps of the Line of Actual Control

OpenStreetMap.org is a project that creates and distributes free geographic data to the world. Major corporations like Facebook, Amazon, Apple, Microsoft, etc. utilize the services of OpenStreetMap (OSM).

It is a free and editable map of the world built up by volunteer users from around the world. Naturally, the editable nature of the map has led to some users propagating the strategic territorial interests of their own countries in the form of OSM edits, demarcating any disputed or non-disputed territory in favour of their own particular country.

Read Full Article

Article: Chip maker Innovium certifies white-box switches on open-source SONiC to disrupt networking industry

Circuits, Hardware, Open Infrastructure, Open Manufacturing

Chip maker Innovium certifies white-box switches on open-source SONiC to disrupt networking industry

The open-source SONiC software will bring the same benefits of reduced total cost of ownership in networking as happened in white-box servers, Innovium claims. Networking equipment from Cisco Systems, Arista Networks, and Juniper Networks and others runs on operating system software owned and built by those vendors. Some parties think that needs to change.

Tuesday morning, Innovium, a vendor to Cisco and others of switching chips, announced it with partners in the original device maker, or ODM, field, it is testing and certifying network switches built on its chips and the open-source SONiC operating systems, a network operating system developed by Microsoft and the Open Compute Project and licensed under a mix of the GNU GPL and the Apache License.

Read Full Article

Article: How far has open banking come in Europe?

Money, Open Governance

How far has open banking come in Europe?

Fintechs can then use that customer’s transaction data for the purposes of budgeting advice, loan approval and various other financial and investment services. 

It is also possible to initiate online payments through open banking, without the customer having to log into their bank account or use a credit/debit card. Although that may sound like a security risk, open banking is implemented in such a way that it is safer than some other forms of banking, with secure authentication for every transaction and no customer payment details retained by merchants. 

Read Full Article

Article: The mysterious user editing a global open-source map in China’s favor

Geospatial, Open Data

The mysterious user editing a global open-source map in China’s favor

Late last year, Nick Doiron spotted an article in The New York Times, detailing how China had built a village along the contested border with neighboring Bhutan. Doiron is a mapping aficionado and longtime contributor to OpenStreetMap (OSM), an open-source mapping platform that relies on an army of unpaid volunteers, just as Wikipedia does.

Governments, universities, humanitarian groups, and companies like Amazon, Grab, Baidu, and Facebook all use data from OSM, making it an important tool that underpins ride-hailing apps and other technologies used by millions of people.

Read Full Article

Article: Presto users detail what’s next for open source SQL engine

Code, Open Software, Open Source

Presto users detail what’s next for open source SQL engine

The open source Presto project is gaining adoption beyond just Uber and Facebook as the need to connect and query disparate sources of data continues to be in demand. At the PrestoCon Day virtual event on March 24, Presto users and developers gathered to discuss how the technology is being used and where it is headed in the future.

Presto is a SQL query engine originally developed by Facebook and currently run as an open source project under the governance of the Presto Software Foundation, which itself is operated by the Linux Foundation.

Read Full Article

Article: China Hyperscalers Strive to Keep Pace In Open Source

Free, Open Software, Open Source

China Hyperscalers Strive to Keep Pace In Open Source

We have a good sense of what projects U.S. companies open source but when it comes to Chinese webscale companies, most notably the big three—Baidu, Alibaba, and Tencent—that ecosystem is less public and not often discussed.

For instance, even if you work in open source at a large company, it is unlikely you’ve head of projects like X-Deep Learning, which is Alibaba’s production ML framework for sparse datasets or the Mars cross-platform network component developed at Tencent.

Read Full Article

Article: To Go Green, the Energy Industry Goes Open Source

Energy, Open Provisioning

To Go Green, the Energy Industry Goes Open Source

THE EUROPEAN UNION aims to reduce carbon emissions by at least 80 percent by 2050. Former California Governor Jerry Brown signed an executive order last year calling for the state, the fifth-largest economy in the world, to go carbon neutral by 2045.

Meeting these goals, or even the less ambitious goals set by other governments, will require utilities to buy more energy from sustainable sources like wind and solar power. That shift is already creating logistical challenges for utilities.

Read Full Article