Article: Citizen participation and the rise of the Open Source City in Spain

Open Source

Citizen participation and the rise of the Open Source City in Spain

In the public sector, Spain has made big efforts not to lag behind digital leaders in terms of public e-readiness and e-government, but the country’s economic and political frameworks have dragged it downwards in global Networked Readiness rankings.

Literature shows that the crisis of participation and representation is pushing citizens outside of institutional politics and into new kinds of organisations which are strong in digital and social media. However, these efforts do not seem to be able to establish a dialogue with the institutions of representative democracy in order to perform the task that is needed – reform of the aforementioned institutions.

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