Article: Why some researchers oppose unrestricted sharing of coronavirus data

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Why some researchers oppose unrestricted sharing of coronavirus data

“I was up all last night,” says Nnaemeka Ndodo, a molecular bioengineer at the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (CDC) in Abuja. He sequences coronavirus genomes during the day, and then analyses and uploads the results to an online database at night, working tirelessly alongside his colleagues. “We don’t know Saturday, we don’t know Sunday,” he says.

Researchers around the world are racing to spot variants of the coronavirus SARS-CoV-2 so that they can determine whether the mutated viruses will evade vaccines or make COVID-19 deadlier. Like many scientists, Ndodo shares SARS-CoV-2 genome sequences in a popular data repository, GISAID, that requires users to sign in and to credit those whose data they analyse.

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Article: Health research council moves to mandate immediate open access

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Health research council moves to mandate immediate open access

Australian council releases discussion paper on immediate open-access publication of research it funds Australia’s National Health and Medical Research Council has proposed that immediate open-access publication of research resulting from its grants should become mandatory.

The council already requires researchers to list their patents on the government’s SourceIP website, but its existing policy allows a 12-month delay to open-access publication of NHMRC-funded research. The proposed reforms would involve researchers publishing in open repositories, circumventing publishers’ fees, as well as publishing in traditional journals. Authors would be required to retain the rights to publish and share their work. It would also encourage researchers to release non-peer-reviewed preprints.

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Article: Reactive, reproducible, collaborative: computational notebooks evolve

Document, Free, Libre, Open Software, Research

Reactive, reproducible, collaborative: computational notebooks evolve

This year marks ten years since the launch of the IPython Notebook. The open-source tool, now known as the Jupyter Notebook, has become an exceedingly popular piece of data-science kit, with millions of notebooks deposited to the GitHub code-sharing site.

Computational notebooks combine code, results, text and images in a single document, yielding what Stephen Wolfram, creator of the Mathematica software package, has called a “computational essay”. And whether written using Jupyter, Mathematica, RStudio or any other platform, researchers can use them for iterative data exploration, communication, teaching and more.

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Article: Libraries and American Chemical Society Sign Innovative ‘Read and Publish’ Open Access Agreement

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Libraries and American Chemical Society Sign Innovative ‘Read and Publish’ Open Access Agreement

Syracuse University Libraries and the Publications Division of the American Chemical Society (ACS) recently signed an innovative “read and publish” open access agreement that will expand the reach of Syracuse University researchers’ scientific contributions.

Open access provides students, faculty and researchers with scholarly work that is published, online, free of charge and free of most copyright and licensing restrictions for further use. Under this transformative “read and publish” agreement, Syracuse University has negotiated with ACS to publish University-affiliated researchers’ scholarly work as open access.

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Article: Building on a year of open data: progress and promise

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Building on a year of open data: progress and promise

One year ago, Microsoft launched an Open Data Campaign to help close the data divide between those countries and companies that have the data they need to innovate and those that do not. We learned quickly that this continued divide risks leaving some people behind, without the ability to put data to work and without the ability to generate economic wealth and opportunity more broadly.

To address the challenges of tomorrow, we need to make it easier to open, share and collaborate around data today. That’s why we’re sharing 10 key lessons from the first year of our campaign to help other organizations of all sizes unlock the power of data.

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Article: US and Iranian researchers collaborate on Lake Urmia restoration

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US and Iranian researchers collaborate on Lake Urmia restoration

In a rare exchange, scientists and water resources engineers from Iran and Utah are collaborating on a bold scientific study to restore one of the world’s largest saline lakes.

Lake Urmia — a massive salt lake in Iran’s northwest and a sister to Utah’s Great Salt Lake — has lost nearly 95 percent of its volume over the last two decades. As water levels drop, salinity spikes, threatening the lake’s brine shrimp population and the flamingos and other bird species that depend on the shrimp for food.

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Article: FSU undergraduate student research journal accepted into Directory of Open Access Journals

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FSU undergraduate student research journal accepted into Directory of Open Access Journals

The Florida State University peer-reviewed undergraduate student research journal, The Owl, was recently accepted into the Directory of Open Access Journals (DOAJ), a collection of open access, high-quality professional scientific and scholarly journal.

“This is a huge achievement for any student publication, making our published articles accessible on many professional databases, including Google Scholar,” said Trystan Loustau, editor-in-chief. The Owl is produced by the Student Council for Undergraduate Research and Creativity (SCURC), a student group that aims to support undergraduate researchers at FSU.

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Article: Why Open Access Is a Game Changer

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Why Open Access Is a Game Changer

When research is free for everyone, as it’s been during the pandemic, scientific experts of all kinds can shine light on the many facets of a health crisis. The lightning-fast COVID-19 vaccination effort has been a major source of hope and relief during a harrowing time. And it was made possible by a revolutionary way of doing science.

During the health crisis, information has ping-ponged around the globe, quickly giving rise to important developments such as diagnostic testing and RNA-based vaccines. Underlying this massive wave of information sharing is open access: the simple but powerful idea that knowledge should be free for everyone, always.

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Article: Amazon Forks Elasticsearch Rebranding It as OpenSearch

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Amazon Forks Elasticsearch Rebranding It as OpenSearch

Amazon recently announced the release of OpenSearch, a fork derived from versions 7.10.2 of ElasticSearch and Kibana. OpenSearch is licensed under the Apache License, V2 (ALv2). Elastic recently made adjustments to their Elastic License to simplify the usage of their code for non-commercial purposes.

The product team behind this release calls the OpenSearch project a “a community-driven, open source fork of Elasticsearch and Kibana”. They continue to explain that: “Our goal with the OpenSearch project is to make it easy for as many people and organizations as possible to use OpenSearch in their business, their products, and their projects”

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Article: The Smart Skeleton: an open-source, interactive tool for teaching muscle actions and joint movements

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The Smart Skeleton: an open-source, interactive tool for teaching muscle actions and joint movements

Over the past decade, the open-source hardware movement has allowed nonexperts to create complex electronics and computing projects. Generally, an open-source hardware project combines ready-made microcontroller boards, sensors, actuators, and software with collaborative online support.

These resources allow designers to combine hardware and software for a variety of purposes, including the creation of educational tools (13). This paper describes an open-source tool intended to help Anatomy and Physiology students test their knowledge of muscle actions and joint movements. These topics can be difficult, as they require students to visualize motion in three dimensions.

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